Symptoms and Treatment for Gum Disease

Symptoms and Treatment for Gum Disease

Have you been seeing some blood in your sink while brushing? Do your gums appear red or swollen? These can be the signs of gum disease. Gum disease can be categorized into various stages, wherein the mildest form of gum disease is known as gingivitis while the severe form is known as periodontitis. You must treat the gum disease in its early stages so that it can be reversed and further damage can be prevented. Once the gum disease reaches the advanced stage, it becomes impossible to reverse and you can only treat and not reverse it, says the periodontist in 34285. Also, there are chances of developing various other complications. Let’s have a look at the symptoms of gum disease:

  • Red and Swollen Gums

The red and swollen gums are one of the first signs of gum disease. It is a sign that your oral health needs attention. The gum disease begins with inflammation along the gum line and the gums may also begin to feel tender and painful. They may also bleed easily while brushing and flossing.

  • Halitosis

Halitosis i.e. bad breath is a common dental issue faced by many people; however, the reasons for bad breath may vary from person to person. According to the periodontist near Venice, FL, one of the reasons for persistent bad breath can be gum disease. If you maintain a good oral hygiene and still your mouth smells bad, it may be the time to see a dentist near you for the diagnosis.

  • Sensitivity in Teeth

Do you feel a sharp shooting pain in your teeth when drinking a hot or cold beverage? Your dental health may be trying to tell you something. It is a symptom of gum disease, which goes hand in hand with shrinking gums. The sensitive part of the tooth known as the dentin gets exposed because of receding gums. This is what causes sensitivity to hot and cold food and beverages.

  • Receding Gums

Are you feeling that your gums appear smaller or your tooth has suddenly become bigger or longer than usual? This is a gum recession where the gums begin to shrink or stop growing. When the bone begins to break down, the gums separate from the tooth and create a pocket. The pulling away of gums is known as receding gums.

  • Shifting of Tooth

Has your smile started looking different off late? Have your teeth shifted a bit? It can be a sign of gum disease as it can attack the bones, which holds the teeth in place and make them loose. Periodontitis can also change the way your teeth fit together while biting.

The gum disease treatment in Venice, FL, can be divided into surgical and non-surgical. Here’s a look:

  • Professional Dental Cleaning

The dentist removes plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line of the teeth. If you display the signs of gum disease, the dentist may call you more than twice a year for dental cleaning so that the gum disease can be prevented from happening or progressing. He may also suggest certain preventive measures.

  • Scaling and Root Planing

It is also a non-surgical process, but over here a deep cleaning is performed. The dentist will administer local anesthetic to the places where cleaning needs to be performed. The dentist will then scrape away the plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line and the rough spots on the tooth are smoothened which is known as planing.

Smoothing the rough spots helps in removing the bacteria and providing a clean surface for the gums for reattaching to the teeth. The need for scaling and planing arises when plaque and calculus get deposited under the gums.

Surgical Treatment

  • Flap Surgery/ Pocket Reduction Surgery
  • Bone Grafts
  • Soft Tissue Grafts
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration
  • Bone surgery

In some patients, only non-surgical procedures are required for treating the gum disease. However, in severe cases of gum disease where the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and can’t be repaired with non-surgical treatment options, surgical treatment is needed. The dentist may also use some antibiotics and other medications for treating the gum disease along with the other procedures.